Dr. Malachi Noked

Dr. Malachi Noked


Dr. Noked conducted his Ph.D. studies as an Eshkol scholar under the supervision of Prof. Doron Aurbach at Bar-Ilan University, studying carbon materials for electrochemical water treatment and supercapacitors. For his studies Dr. Noked accepted the Excellent Graduate Student award of the Israel chemical society. After graduating, Dr. Noked was chosen as a Fulbright Ilan-Ramon fellow and conducted his postdoctoral studies at the energy frontier research center, leaded by the University of Maryland, where he utilized nano-fabrication and surface modification techniques for applied electrochemistry, and served as instructor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering.

Dr. Noked returned to BIU two years ago, to establish a new research labpratory. Dr. Noked is awardee of the prestigious Yigal Alon fellowship for young scientists. Dr. Noked's lab has state of the art synthesis capabilitilies and tools, and more important a crew of 12 motivated students. 



2004-2007 : B. Sc., Biophysics (multidisciplinary program in science) Bar-Ilan Unversity, Israel.

2007-2009 : MSc in Chemistry (Electrochemistry) Advisor: Prof. Doron Aurbach Department of Chemistry- Group of Electrochemistry, Bar-Ilan University, Israel

2009-2013: Ph.D. in Chemistry (Electrochemistry) Advisor: Prof. Doron Aurbach Department of Chemistry- Group of Electrochemistry, Bar-Ilan University, Israel

2013 – 2016: Post-doctoral Research Associate (Fulbright Ilan Ramon scholar) Department of Material Sciences and Engineering Department of Chemistry and Bichemistry, Energy Frontier Research Center http://www.efrc.umd.edu/ University of Maryland, College Park.  Mentors- Professor Gary Rubloff, and Professor Sang-Bok Lee

Honors and Fellowship:

2009-2012 - Doctoral Fellowship of excellence in nanotechnology- BINA center.

2010- Schechter Award for Excellence – Chemistry department BIU

2011-2013- Eshkol fellowship for Ph.D. students - The Israeli Ministry of Science.

2013- Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting participant (Chemistry).

2013- Excellent PhD student of Chemistry- Israel Chemical Society.

2013-2014 - Fulbright fellowship for postdoc.

2013-2014 - Fulbright Ilan-Ramon Fellowship for postdoc (1 chosen from all 2013 Fulbrighters).

2017- 2020     Yigal Alon Fellowship for young scientists.



1.         Noked, M., Avraham, E., Bohadana, Y., Soffer, A. & Aurbach, D. Development of anion stereoselective, activated carbon molecular sieve electrodes prepared by chemical vapor deposition. J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 7316–7321 (2009). # of citations:27

2.         Avraham, E., Noked, M., Bouhadana, Y., Soffer, A. & Aurbach, D. Limitations of charge efficiency in capacitive deionization: II. On the behavior of CDI cells comprising two activated carbon electrodes. J. Electrochem. Soc. 156, 10, 157-162 (2009). # of citations:61

3.         Noked, M., Avraham, E., Soffer, A. & Aurbach, D. The rate-determining step of electroadsorption processes into nanoporous carbon electrodes related to water desalination. J. Phys. Chem. C 113, 21319–21327, (2009). # of citations: 54

4.         Noked, M., Avraham, E., Soffer, A. & Aurbach, D. Assessing the concentration effect on hydration radii in aqueous solutions by electroadsorption on a carbon molecular sieve electrode. J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 13354–13361. (2010). # of citations:14

5.         Avraham, E., Noked, M., Bouhadana, Y., Soffer, A. & Aurbach, D. Limitations of charge efficiency in capacitive deionization processes III: The behavior of surface oxidized activated carbon electrodes. Electrochim. Acta 56, 441–447 (2010). # of citations:64

6.         Leifer, N. D. R., Noked, M. *, Nessim, G. D. & Aurbach, D. A straightforward and reliable method for the characterization of carbon nanotube dispersions. Carbon 49, 1033–1051(2011). # of citations:4

7.         Bouhadana, Y. ; Avraham, E.; Noked, M.; Ben-Tzion, M.; Soffer, A.; Aurbach, D. Capacitive deionization of NaCl solutions at non-steady-state conditions: Inversion functionality of the carbon electrodes. J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 16567–16573 (2011). # of citations:81

8.         Cohen, I., Avraham, E., Noked, M., Soffer, A. & Aurbach, D. Enhanced charge efficiency in capacitive deionization achieved by surface-treated electrodes and by means of a third electrode. J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 19856 (2011). # of citations:73

9.         Avraham, E., Noked, M., Cohen, I., Soffer, A. & Aurbach, D. The dependence of the desalination performance in capacitive deionization processes on the electrodes PZC. J. Electrochem. Soc. 158, 168 (2011). # of citations:58

10.       Noked, M., Soffer, A. & Arubach, D. The electrochemistry of activated carbonaceous materials: Past, present, and future. J. Solid State Electrochem. 15, 1563–1578  (2011). # of citations:108

11.       Avraham, E., Noked, M., Soffer, A. & Aurbach, D. The feasibility of boron removal from water by capacitive deionization. Electrochim. Acta 56, 6312– 6317 (2011). # of citations:44

12.       Noked, M., Okashy, S., Zimrin, T. & Aurbach, D. Composite carbon nanotube/carbon electrodes for electrical double-layer super capacitors. Angew. Chemie - Int. Ed. 124, 7, 1600–1603 (2012). # of citations:76

13.       Borenstien, A., Noked, M., Okashy, S. & Aurbach, D. Composite carbon nano-tubes (CNT)/activated carbon electrodes for non-aqueous super capacitors using organic electrolyte solutions. J. Electrochem. Soc. 160, A1282–A1285 (2013). # of citations:26

14.       Sharon, D. ; Afri, M.; Noked, M.; Garsuch, A.; Frimer, A. A.; Aurbach, D. Oxidation of dimethyl sulfoxide solutions by electrochemical reduction of oxygen. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 4, 3115−3119 (2013). # of citations:165

15.       Okashy, S., Noked, M., Zimrin, T. & Aurbach, D. The study of activated carbon/CNT/MoO3 electrodes for aqueous pseudo-capacitors. J. Electrochem. Soc. 160, 9, A1489-A1496 (2013). # of citations:9

16.       Noked, M., Okashy, S., Zimrin, T. & Aurbach, D. Thick vertically aligned carbon nanotube/carbon composite electrodes for electrical double-layer capacitors. Carbon. 58, 134 –1 3 8 (2013). # of citations:16

17.       Kozen, A. C. ; Pearse, A. J.; Lin, C.-F.; Schroeder, M. A.; Noked, M.; Lee, S. B.; Rubloff, G. W. Atomic layer deposition and in situ characterization of ultraclean lithium oxide and lithium hydroxide. J. Phys. Chem. C 118, 48, 27749-27753 (2014). # of citations:29

18.       Gregorczyk, K. E. Kozen, A. C.; Chen, X.; Schroeder, M. A.; Noked, M.; Cao, A.; Hu, L.; Rubloff, G. W.Fabrication of 3D core–shell multiwalled carbon nanotube@ RuO2 lithium-ion battery electrodes through a RuO2 atomic layer deposition process. ACS Nano 9, 464–473 (2014). # of citations:41

19.       Teblum, E. ; Noked, M.; Grinblat, J.; Kremen, A.; Muallem, M.; Fleger, Y.; Tischler, Y. R.; Aurbach, D.; Nessim, G. D. Millimeter-tall carpets of vertically aligned crystalline carbon nanotubes synthesized on copper substrates for electrical applications. J. Phys. Chem. C 118, 33, 19345-19355 (2014). # of citations:10

20.       Song, J. ; Noked, M.; Gillette, E.; Duay, J.; Rubloff, G.; Lee, S. B. Activation of a MnO 2 cathode by water-stimulated Mg 2+ insertion for a magnesium ion battery. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17, 5256–5264 (2015). # of citations:47

21.       Kozen, A. C., Pearse, A. J., Lin, C.-F., Noked, M. & Rubloff, G. W. Atomic Layer Deposition of the Solid Electrolyte LiPON. Chem. Mater. 27, (15), 5324–5331 (2015). # of citations:95

22.       Hu, J., Noked, M., Gillette, E., Gui, Z. & Lee, S. B. Capacitance behavior of ordered mesoporous carbon/Fe2O3 composites: Comparison between 1D cylindrical, 2D hexagonal, and 3D bicontinuous mesostructures. Carbon 93, 903 – 914 (2015). # of citations:23

23.       Schroeder, M. A. ; Kumar, N.; Pearse, A. J.; Liu, C.; Lee, S. B.; Rubloff, G. W.; Leung, K.; Noked, M.* DMSO–Li2O2 interface in the rechargeable Li–O2 battery cathode: theoretical and experimental perspectives on stability. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7, 11402–11411 (2015). # of citations:41

24.       Hu, J. ; Noked, M.; Gillette, E.; Han, F.; Gui, Z.; Wang, C.; Lee, S. B. Dual-template synthesis of ordered mesoporous carbon/Fe2O3 nanowires: high porosity and structural stability for supercapacitors. J. Mater. Chem. A 3, 21501-21510  (2015). # of citations:21

25.       Schroeder, M. A. ; Pearse, A. J.; Kozen, A. C.; Lee, S. B.; Rubloff, G. W.; Noked, M.* Electrode degradation study of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes on a 3D integrated current collector. J. Electrochem. Soc. 162, (12) A2372-A2377 (2015). # of citations:1

26.       Gao, T. ; Noked, M.*; Pearse, A. J.; Gillette, E.; Fan, X.; Zhu, Y.; Luo, C.; Suo, L.; Schroeder, M. A.; Xu, K.; Lee, S. B.; Rubloff, G. W.; Wang, C. Enhancing the Reversibility of Mg/S Battery Chemistry through Li+ Mediation. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 137, (38), 12388–12393 (2015). # of citations:71

27.       Schroeder, M. A. Pearse, A. J.; Kozen, A. C.; Chen, X.; Gregorczyk, K.; Han, X.; Cao, A.; Hu, L.; Lee, S. B.; Rubloff, G. W.; Noked, M.* Investigation of the Cathode-Catalyst-Electrolyte Interface in Aprotic Li-O2 Batteries. Chem. Mater. 27, (15), 5305–5313 (2015). # of citations:33

28.       Kozen, A. C. ; Lin, C.-F.; Pearse, A. J.; Schroeder, M. A.; Han, X.; Hu, L.; Lee, S.-B.; Rubloff, G. W.; Noked, M.* Next-Generation Lithium Metal Anode Engineering via Atomic Layer Deposition. ACS Nano 9, (6), 5884-5892 (2015). # of citations:242

29.       Gao, T. ; Li, X.; Wang, X.; Hu, J.; Han, F.; Fan, X.; Suo, L.; Pearse, A. J.; Lee, S. B.; Rubloff, G. W.; Gaskell, K.J.; Noked, M.*; Wang, C. A Rechargeable Al/S Battery with an Ionic-Liquid Electrolyte. Angew. Chemie - Int. Ed. 128, 10052 (2016). # of citations:41

30.       Lin, C.-F., Kozen, A. C., Noked, M., Liu, C. & Rubloff, G. W. ALD Protection of Li-Metal Anode Surfaces – Quantifying and Preventing Chemical and Electrochemical Corrosion in Organic Solvent. Adv. Mater. Interfaces 3, 1600426 (2016). # of citations:12

31.       Noked, M.; Liu, C.; Hu, J.; Gregorczyk, K.; Rubloff, G. W.; Lee, S. B. Electrochemical Thin Layers in Nanostructures for Energy Storage. Acc. Chem. Res. 49, (10), 2336-2346  (2016). # of citations:10

32.       Oleshko, V. P. ; Noked, M.; Schroeder, M. A.; Liu, C.; Pearse, A. J.; Lee, S. B.; Soles, C. L.; Rubloff, G. W. Enhanced Stability of Pt-TiO 2-CNT Heterostructure Composite Cathodes for Li-O 2 Batteries Studied by High-Resolution AEM. Microsc. Microanal. 22, 1314–1315 (2016).

33.       Song, J., Sahadeo, E., Noked, M.* & Lee, S. B. Mapping the Challenges of Magnesium Battery. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 7, (9), 1736-1749 (2016). # of citations:57

34.       Sharon, D. ; Hirsberg, D.; Salama, M.; Afri, M.; Frimer, A. A.; Noked, M.; Kwak, W.; Sun, Y.-K.; Aurbach, D. Mechanistic Role of Li+Dissociation Level in Aprotic LiO2. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8, (8), 5300–5307 (2016). # of citations:50

35.       Noked, M.*, Schroeder, M. A., Pearse, A. J., Rubloff, G. W. & Lee, S. B. Protocols for Evaluating and Reporting Li-O2 Cell Performance. J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 7, (2), 211–215 (2016). # of citations:20

36.       Lin, C.-F. ; Noked, M.; Kozen, A. C.; Liu, C.; Zhao, O.; Gregorczyk, K.; Hu, L.; Lee, S. B.; Rubloff, G. W. Solid Electrolyte Lithium Phosphous Oxynitride as a Protective Nanocladding Layer for 3D High-Capacity Conversion Electrodes. ACS Nano 10, 2693–701 (2016). # of citations:30

37.       Sharon, D. ; Hirshberg, D.; Afri, M.; Frimer, A. A.; Noked, M.; Aurbach, D. Aprotic metal-oxygen batteries: recent findings and insights. J. Solid State Electrochem. 21, 1-18 (2017). # of citations:11

38.       Lin, C.-F., Liou, S.-C., Noked, M., Chiou, W.-A. & Rubloff, G. Electron Microscopy Study of ALD Protective Coating on the FeOF Electrode. Microsc. Microanal. 23, 2056–2057 (2017).

39.       Lin, C.-F. ; Fan, X.; Pearse, A.; Liou, S.-C.; Gregorczyk, K.; Leskes, M.; Wang, C.; Lee, S. B.; Rubloff, G. W.; Noked, M.* Highly Reversible Conversion-Type FeOF Composite Electrode with Extended Lithium Insertion by Atomic Layer Deposition LiPON Protection. Chem. Mater. 29, (20),8780–8791 (2017). # of citations:7

40.       Wood, K. N., Noked, M.* & Dasgupta, N. P. Lithium metal anodes: Toward an improved understanding of coupled morphological, electrochemical, and mechanical behavior. ACS Energy Lett. 2, (3), 664–672 (2017). # of citations:75

41.       Kozen, A. C. ; Lin, C.-F.; Zhao, O.; Lee, S. B.; Rubloff, G. W.; Noked, M.* Stabilization of Lithium Metal Anodes by Hybrid Artificial Solid Electrolyte Interphase. Chem. Mater. 29, (15), 6298-6307 (2017). # of citations:27

42.       Luo, W. ; Lin, C.-F.; Zhao, O.; Noked, M.; Zhang, Y.; Rubloff, G. W.; Hu, L. Ultrathin Surface Coating Enables the Stable Sodium Metal Anode. Adv. Energy Mater. 7, 1601526. (2017). # of citations:65

43.       Rosy, Akabayov, S., Leskes, M. & Noked, M.* Bifunctional Role of LiNO3 in Li–O2 Batteries: Deconvoluting Surface and Catalytic Effects. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10, 29622–29629 (2018). # of citations:1

44.       Itzhak, A. ; Teblum, E.; Girshevitz, O.; Okashy, S.; Turkulets, Y.; Burlaka, L.; Cohen-Taguri, G.; Shawat Avraham, E.; Noked, M.; Shalish, I.; Nessim, G.D. Digenite (Cu9S5): Layered p-Type Semiconductor Grown by Reactive Annealing of Copper. Chem. Mater. 30, (7), 2379-2388 (2018). # of citations:2

45.       Rosy & Noked, M.* Multifunctional interphase. Nat. Energy 3, 253–254 (2018).

46.       Salama, M. ; Attias, R.; Hirsch, B.; Yemini, R.; Gofer, Y.; Noked, M.; Aurbach, D.  On the Feasibility of Practical Mg-S Batteries: Practical Limitations Associated With Metallic Magnesium Anodes. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10 (43), 36910-36917 (2018).

47.       Rosy & Noked, M.* On the Stability of Nitrate Ion in Rechargeable Li-O2 Batteries. J. Electrochem. Soc. 166, A5008–A5013 (2019).



In our laboratory we utilize state of the art synthesis techniques for interfacial modification of electrochemically active surfaces by functional thin films.

Students in our lab experience synthesis through surface directed chemical reaction in vacuum (atomic/molecular layer deposition ALD/MLD) and in carefully chosen electrolyte solutions (surface directed electrodeposition).

The characterization of the synthesized thin films and the fundamental studies of their efficacy as surface modification materials, are conducted using state of the art microscopic and spectroscopic surface analysis facilities available in Bar-Ilan University and currently being constructed in our lab.


The complex physicochemical conditions on electrochemically active surfaces lead to degradation mechanisms through parasitic chemical and electrochemical reactions. This interfacial instability frustrates technology applications, and significantly hinders the progress to electrochemical devices with high sensitivity (electrochemical sensors), high energy performances (batteries), efficient faradaic surface reaction (water splitting, oxygen reduction reaction e.g) and long term stability (purification systems, batteries etc.).

  Elucidating the fundamental degradation mechanisms of electrochemically active interfaces, and developing mitigation strategies in accordance with the explored pathways, are the main interest of our research team.

We utilize state of the art thin film synthesis techniques (ALD/MLD), and self limiting electrochemical deposition, in order to develop new chemistries for functional thin films, which impede the parasitic reaction, but yet- mediate the desired electrochemical reaction in optimized kinetics.  


Research Themes:

Though the technological impact of our work is broad (Electrodes in batteries, fuel cells, sensors, electro-catalytic surfaces, photo-voltaic cells, water splitting etc.), we mainly aim to understand the mechanism of the material degradation, and to use the fundamental findings as guidelines for synthesis of functional thin films.


As model systems, the scientifically informed designed thin films are synthesized and studied in accordance with three research themes:

  • Stabilization of batteries electrodes in implanted medical devices, using multi-components atomic/molecular layer deposition (ALD) on the electrode interface


  • Designing arrays of nano-materials with controlled morphology and structure for electrochemical devices.



  • Modified metallic anode surfaces for next generation rechargeable batteries.