Dr. Daniel Nessim

Senior Lecturer
Dr. Daniel Nessim


Faculty member at the Chemistry department at Bar Ilan University (Israel),
Institute for Nanotechnology Advanced Materials (since October 2010)


Post-doc     MIT / Bar Ilan University (Institute for Nanotechnology and Advanced materials)                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                           Cambridge, MA and Ramat Gan, Israel

                    Collaborative post-doc with Professors C.V. Thompson (MIT) and D. Aurbach (BIU)
                    Visiting scientist in the electrochemistry group of Professor Doron Aurbach (summer 2009)
                    Focus on integrating carbon nanotubes into batteries and supercapacitors (MITEI grant)


Ph.D           Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)  

Cambridge, MA

               PhD, Materials Science & Engineering (electronic, photonic, and magnetic materials), 2009
               Advisor: Professor Carl V. Thompson
               Thesis: carbon nanotube (CNT) synthesis for integrated circuit interconnects                                 
GPA 4.9/5.0;       Intel Fellowship (2006-2008)
               Supervised nine graduate students (MIT and international) and three MIT undergraduate students
               Research involved multiple collaborations and led to the development of new insights on:

  •  Growth of crystalline, vertically-aligned CNTs on conductive substrates below 500ºC
  •  Role of gas preheating to lower CNT growth temperature
  •  Control of CNT diameter and density via hydrogen-timed coarsening of catalyst layer
  •  Role of underlayer grains in catalyst film dewetting and CNT growth
  •  Electrical properties of multi-wall carbon nanotubes


MBA           INSEAD                                                                                 Fontainebleau, France

               Master of Business Administration, 1994; Giovanni Agnelli scholarship


Pre-Ph.D    Université Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI)                                     Paris, France

Opto-electronic Engineering (D.E.A. – Diplôme d’Etudes Approfondies), 1990-91,
with distinction


M.Sc           Ecole Centrale Paris                                                                            Paris, France

               Master’s of Science, 1989-91, with distinction; Erasmus (European Community) scholarship
               First Italian to earn MSEE from Italy and France within the T.I.M.E. program (Top Industrial Managers for Europe)


M.Sc           Politecnico di Milano                                                                           Milan, Italy

               Master’s of Science in Electrical Engineering, 1984-89, thesis passed in 1993,
               summa cum laude (top 0.5%)




  1. Shawat Avraham, E.; Westover, A. S.; Shani, L.; Mor, V.; Girshevitz, O.; Pint, C. L.; Nessim, G.D., Patterned growth of carbon nanotube forests using Cu and Cu/Ag thin film reservoirs as growth inhibitors Carbon 2018, in press.
  2. Kumar, S.; Aziz, T. SK.; Girshevitz, O.; Nessim, G. D., One-Step Synthesis of N-Doped Graphene Quantum Dots from Chitosan as a Sole Precursor using Chemical Vapor Deposition. J Phys Chem C 2018, in press.
  3. Grinbom, G.; Muallem, M.; Zitoun, D.; Nessim, G. D., Direct growth of CNTs on Si-Fe NPs with chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method for improvement anode material in Li-ion batteries. J Phys Chem C 2017, 121 (46), pp 25632–25640. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b05709
  4. Girshevitz, O.; Richter, V.; Shawat Avraham, E.; Nessim, G. D.; Gouzman, I., Correlation between density and hydrogen content in vertically aligned carbon nanotube forests by Ion Beam Analysis. Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A 2017, 35. http://avs.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1116/1.4999774?journalCode=jva
  5. Yemini, R.; Itzhak, A.; Gofer, Y.; Sharabani, T.; Drela, M.; Nessim, G. D., Nickel Overlayers Modify Precursor Gases To Pattern Forests of Carbon Nanotubes. J Phys Chem C 2017, 121, 11765-11772. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b00801
  6. Kumar, S.; Gonen, S.; Friedman, A.; Elbaz, L.; Nessim, G. D., Doping and reduction of graphene oxide using chitosan-derived volatile N-heterocyclic compounds for metal-free oxygen reduction reaction. Carbon 2017, 120, 419-426. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0008622317305286
  7. Shawat Avraham, E.; Fleker, O.; Benisvy, L.; Oakes, L.; Pint, C. L.; Nessim, G. D., Inducing porosity and growing carbon nanofibers in ferroin perchlorate: An example of morphological transitions in coordination complexes. J Solid State Chem 2017, 253, 21-28. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022459617301895
  8. Yemini, R.; Muallem, M.; Sharabani, T.; Teblum, E.; Gofer, Y.; Nessim, G. D., Patterning of Forests of Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) Using Copper Overlayers as Iron Catalyst Deactivators. J Phys Chem C 2016, 120, 12242-12248. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b01676
  9. Wang, Q.; Subramanian, P.; Schechter, A.; Teblum, E.; Yemini, R.; Nessim, G. D.; Vasilescu, A.; Li, M. S.; Boukherroub, R.; Szunerits, S., Vertically Aligned Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanotube Carpet Electrodes: Highly Sensitive Interfaces for the Analysis of Serum from Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Acs Appl Mater Inter 2016, 8, 9600-9609. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acsami.6b00663
  10. Teblum, E.; Itzhak, A.; Shawat-Avraham, E.; Muallem, M.; Yemini, R.; Nessim, G. D., Differential preheating of hydrocarbon decomposition and water vapor formation shows that single ring aromatic hydrocarbons enhance vertically aligned carbon nanotubes growth. Carbon 2016, 109, 727-736. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0008622316307412
  11. Muallem, M.; Palatnik, A.; Nessim, G. D.; Tischler, Y. R., Strong Light-Matter Coupling and Hybridization of Molecular Vibrations in a Low-Loss Infrared Microcavity. J Phys Chem Lett 2016, 7, 2002-2008. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b00617
  12. Muallem, M.; Palatnik, A.; Nessim, G. D.; Tischler, Y. R., Strong light-matter coupling between a molecular vibrational mode in a PMMA film and a low-loss mid-IR microcavity. Ann Phys-Berlin 2016, 528, 313-320. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/andp.201500282/abstract
  13. Marciano, O.; Gonen, S.; Levy, N.; Teblum, E.; Yemini, R.; Nessim, G. D.; Ruthstein, S.; Elbaz, L., Modulation of Oxygen Content in Graphene Surfaces Using Temperature-Programmed Reductive Annealing: Electron Paramagnetic Resonance and Electrochemical Study. Langmuir 2016, 32, 11672-11680. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.langmuir.6b02987
  14. Verma, S.; Kumar, S.; Shawat, E.; Nessim, G. D.; Jain, S. L., Carbon nanofibers decorated with oxo-rhenium complexes: Highly efficient heterogeneous catalyst for oxidation of amines with hydrogen peroxide. J Mol Catal a-Chem 2015, 402, 46-52. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1381116915001004
  15. Muallem, M.; Palatnik, A.; Nessim, G. D.; Tischler, Y. R., Room Temperature Fabrication of Dielectric Bragg Reflectors Composed of a CaF2/ZnS Multilayered Coating. ACS Appl Mater Inter 2015, 7, 474-481. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/am506531p
  16. Kumar, S.; Verma, S.; Shawat, E.; Nessim, G. D.; Jain, S. L., Amino-functionalized carbon nanofibres as an efficient metal free catalyst for the synthesis of quinazoline-2,4(1H,3H)-diones from CO2 and 2-aminobenzonitriles. RSC Adv 2015, 5, 24670-24674. http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2015/ra/c5ra01900a#!divAbstract
  17. Gouzman, I.; Girshevitz, O.; Richter, V.; Avraham, E. S.; Sukenik, C. N.; Nessim, G. D., High Rate of Hydrogen Incorporation in Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes during Initial Stages of Growth Quantified by Elastic Recoil Detection. J Phys Chem C 2015, 119, 26726-26733. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b08230
  18. Barzola-Quiquia, J.; Esquinazi, P.; Linde, M.; Spemann, D.; Muallem, M.; Nessim, G. D., Magnetic order and superconductivity observed in bundles of double-wall carbon nanotubes. Carbon 2015, 88, 16-25. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S000862231500161X
  19. Teblum, E.; Noked, M.; Grinblat, J.; Kremen, A.; Muallem, M.; Fleger, Y.; Tischler, Y. R.; Aurbach, D.; Nessim, G. D., Millimeter-Tall Carpets of Vertically Aligned Crystalline Carbon Nanotubes Synthesized on Copper Substrates for Electrical Applications. J Phys Chem C 2014, 118, 19345-19355. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp5015719
  20. Subramanian, P.; Cohen, A.; Teblum, E.; Nessim, G. D.; Bormasheko, E.; Schechter, A., Electrocatalytic activity of nitrogen plasma treated vertically aligned carbon nanotube carpets towards oxygen reduction reaction. Electrochem Commun 2014, 49, 42-46. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1388248114003142
  21. Somekh, M.; Shawat, E.; Nessim, G. D., Fully reproducible, low-temperature synthesis of high-quality, few-layer graphene on nickel via preheating of gas precursors using atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition. J Mater Chem A 2014, 2, 19750-19758. http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlehtml/2014/ta/c4ta03876b
  22. Shawat, E.; Perelshtein, I.; Westover, A.; Pint, C. L.; Nessim, G. D., Ultra high-yield one-step synthesis of conductive and superhydrophobic three-dimensional mats of carbon nanofibers via full catalysis of unconstrained thin films. J Mater Chem A 2014, 2, 15118-15123. http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2014/ta/c4ta02864c#!divAbstract
  23. Shawat, E.; Mor, V.; Oakes, L.; Fleger, Y.; Pint, C. L.; Nessim, G. D., What is below the support layer affects carbon nanotube growth: an iron catalyst reservoir yields taller nanotube carpets. Nanoscale 2014, 6, 1545-1551. http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2014/nr/c3nr05240k#!divAbstract
  24. Miroshnikov, Y.; Grinbom, G.; Gershinsky, G.; Nessim, G. D.; Zitoun, D., Do we need covalent bonding of Si nanoparticles on graphene oxide for Li-ion batteries? Faraday Discuss 2014, 173, 391-402. http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2014/fd/c4fd00089g#!divAbstract
  25. Mero, O.; Shawat, E.; Nessim, G. D.; Grinblat, J.; Margel, S., Air-stable nanogranular Fe thin films formed by Chemical Vapor Deposition of triiron dodecacarbonyl as catalysts for carbon nanotube growth. Thin Solid Films 2014, 550, 76-84. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0040609013016611
  26. Shapira, R.; Nessim, G. D.; Zimrin, T.; Aurbach, D., Towards promising electrochemical technology for load leveling applications: extending cycle life of lead acid batteries by the use of carbon nano-tubes (CNTs). Energ Environ Sci 2013, 6, 587-594. http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2013/ee/c2ee22970f#!divAbstract
  27. Roethlisberger, A.; Seita, M.; Reiser, A.; Shawat, E.; Spolenak, R.; Nessim, G. D., Investigating the mechanism of collective bidirectional growth of carbon nanofiber carpets on metallic substrates. Carbon 2013, 63, 498-507. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0008622313006477
  28. Teblum, E.; Gofer, Y.; Pint, C. L.; Nessim, G. D., Role of Catalyst Oxidation State in the Growth of Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes. J Phys Chem C 2012, 116, 24522-24528. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp305169b
  29. Nessim, G. D.; Al-Obeidi, A.; Grisaru, H.; Polsen, E. S.; Oliver, C. R.; Zimrin, T.; Hart, A. J.; Aurbach, D.; Thompson, C. V., Synthesis of tall carpets of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes by in situ generation of water vapor through preheating of added oxygen. Carbon 2012, 50, 4002-4009. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0008622312003582
  30. Gershinsky, G.; Haik, O.; Salitra, G.; Grinblat, J.; Levi, E.; Nessim, G. D.; Zinigrad, E.; Aurbach, D., Ultra fast elemental synthesis of high yield copper Chevrel phase with high electrochemical performance. J Solid State Chem 2012, 188, 50-58. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022459612000308
  31. Nessim, G. D.; Seita, M.; Plata, D. L.; O'Brien, K. P.; Hart, A. J.; Meshot, E. R.; Reddy, C. M.; Gschwend, P. M.; Thompson, C. V., Precursor gas chemistry determines the crystallinity of carbon nanotubes synthesized at low temperature. Carbon 2011, 49, 804-810. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S000862231000744X
  32. Leifer, N. D. R.; Noked, M.; Nessim, G. D.; Aurbach, D., A straightforward and reliable method for the characterization of carbon nanotube dispersions. Carbon 2011, 49, 1042-1047. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0008622310007980
  33. Nessim, G. D.; Seita, M.; O'Brien, K. P.; Speakman, S. A., Dual formation of carpets of large carbon nanofibers and thin crystalline carbon nanotubes from the same catalyst-underlayer system. Carbon 2010, 48, 4519-4526. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0008622310006044
  34. Nessim, G. D.; Acquaviva, D.; Seita, M.; O'Brien, K. P.; Thompson, C. V., The Critical Role of the Underlayer Material and Thickness in Growing Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes and Nanofibers on Metallic Substrates by Chemical Vapor Deposition. Adv Funct Mater 2010, 20, 1306-1312. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/adfm.200902265/abstract
  35. Nessim, G. D., Properties, synthesis, and growth mechanisms of carbon nanotubes with special focus on thermal chemical vapor deposition. Nanoscale 2010, 2, 1306-1323. http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2010/nr/b9nr00427k#!divAbstract
  36. Nessim, G. D.; Seita, M.; O'Brien, K. P.; Hart, A. J.; Bonaparte, R. K.; Mitchell, R. R.; Thompson, C. V., Low Temperature Synthesis of Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes with Electrical Contact to Metallic Substrates Enabled by Thermal Decomposition of the Carbon Feedstock. Nano Lett 2009, 9, 3398-3405. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/nl900675d
  37. Nessim, G. D.; Hart, A. J.; Kim, J. S.; Acquaviva, D.; Oh, J. H.; Morgan, C. D.; Seita, M.; Leib, J. S.; Thompson, C. V., Tuning of Vertically-Aligned Carbon Nanotube Diameter and Areal Density through Catalyst Pre-Treatment. Nano Lett 2008, 8, 3587-3593. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/nl801437c



  1. G.D. Nessim, M. Seita
    The role of cobalt in carbon nanotubes synthesis, communication for the edited and peer-reviewed collection: “Cobalt: Characteristics, Compounds, and Applications”, Editor: Lucas J. Vidmar, P. 203-213, NOVA publishers, September 2011
  2. G.D. Nessim
    Carbon Nanotubes for chip interconnection, peer-reviewed article for the 2012 edition of the Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology, Editor: Bharat Bhushnan, Springer, August 2012



Kinetics of Materials 1 (diffusion): 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014,2015, 2016, 2017 

Kinetics of Materials 2 (phase transformations): 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017

Invention: 2014, 2016

Seminarion (materials); 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015



The Nessim Lab:

Laboratory for the synthesis of innovative nanostructures        


Carbon nanostructured materials such as carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, and graphene are prime candidates of new battery and supercapacitor elements that can massively improve battery efficiency for energy conversion and storage. Such devices have the potential to provide extremely high surface per unit volume of catalytically active sites, making a three to fivefold improvement in energy density possible.

Despite attempts to combine carbon nanostructures with active electrode materials, the mechanisms of carbon nanostructure growth are still not fully explained, and critical issues remain: 1) energy density is far below the theoretical level, 2) cyclability is limited, and 3) most synthesis techniques work in the lab but are impractical for industrial production.

The goal of the Nessim lab is to study the scientific mechanisms of the synthesis of nanostructures and to develop relevant industrial applications, with a prime emphasis on energy devices (batteries and supercapacitors). The group currently comprises two postdocs, two PhD candidates, a Masters student, and two visiting summer students. Additionally, the group collaborates with researchers in BIU (e.g., Aurbach and Lellouche groups) and with researchers in the USA (MIT, U.Michigan, Vanderbilt) and Europe (ETH).

We plan to study in-situ, simultaneous synthesis and functionalization of carbon nanostructures primarily by chemical vapor deposition. Because this way the growth of the carbon nanostructures and their functionalization with active electrode material will happen at the same time, the method has the potential to synthesise ultra-dense composite structures, maximizing energy density while maintaining structural integrity and high cyclability. These studies will uncover many scientific aspects of carbon nanostructure nucleation, growth, and functionalization. Multiple material combinations corresponding to selected battery and supercapacitor chemistries will be synthesized and electrochemically tested. Customized, industrially-scalable plasma-enhanced CVD synthesis equipment will be used to synthesize the electrodes.

The learning of mechanisms and factors affecting simultaneous carbon nanostructure growth and functionalization is critical for nanotechnology. Success in this research will allow the development of ultra-high energy density batteries and supercapacitors that will make the electric car a manufacturing reality with great consequences to the environment and society.





1. G.D. Nessim, A. Itzhak, and E. Teblum (submitted provisional patent)

High yield synthesis of 2D monolayers of p-type copper sulfide using thermal annealing of bulk copper and sulfur gas


2.     G.D. Nessim and E. Shawat, provisional patent submitted on 16 July 2014 (Bar Ilan University)
Ultra high-yield one-step synthesis of conductive, and superhydrophobic three-dimensional mats of carbon nanofibers via full catalysis of unconstrained thin film

3. G.D. Nessim, provisional patent submitted in June 2012 (Bar Ilan University)
Synthesis of highly conductive metal-CNT (carbon nanotube) wire

Research Group


Dr. Eti Teblum, postdoc, lab manager, since 6/2010

Efrat Shawat, Ph.D. candidate, since 3/2010

Dr. Subodh Kumar, since 9/2015



Mijael Chababo, since 6/2015

Inbal Zacay, since 8/2015

Maayan Laskin, since 8/2015



Miriam Somekh, M.Sc. 2014

Reut Yemini, M.Sc. 2016

Merav Muallem, Ph.D. 2017 (co-supervised with Dr. Y. Tischler)

Anat Yitzhak, M.Sc. 2017

Tali Sharabani, M.Sc. 2017


Ortal Kravian, visting B.Sc. summer student from BIU, 1/6/2010 – 1/9/2010

André Röthlisberger, visiting M.Sc. summer student from ETH Zurich, 30/6/2011 – 30/9/2011

Nathan Monroe, MIT (MISTI) visiting student summer 2011 (co-supervised with Dr. Tischler)

Alain Reiser, visiting M.Sc. summer student from ETH Zurich, 30/6/2012 – 1/9/2012

Jelimo Maswan, MIT (MISTI) visiting student summer 2012 (co-supervised with Dr. Tischler)

Shoshy Bernstein, visiting B.Sc. summer student, 1/6/2012 – 1/9/2012

Levi Rybalov, visiting student (pre-B.Sc.), 1/2/2013 – 25-6-2013

Joanna Chen, MIT (MISTI) visiting student summer 2013 (co-supervised with Dr. Tischler)