Prof. Adi Salomon

Prof.
Associate Professor
Prof. Adi Salomon
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CV

Adi Salomon obtained her B.Sc. in Chemistry from Tel Aviv University and received her PhD from the department of Materials and Interfaces at Weizmann Institute of Science with David Cahen. There she got a scientific background on surface chemistry, semiconductors and electron transport through organic molecules. Then she went to  Strasbourg,   working with Thomas Ebbesen on Interaction between molecules and surface plasmons.  Her research was the first to demonstrate the dynamics of interaction between surface plasmons and molecules throughout the development of a new surface photochemistry. Later on, at the WIS, together with Yehiam Prior, Tamar Seideman, Robert Gordon and Maxim Shukaharev, they have developed a new model to explain interactions between molecules which are immersed in the ‘plasmonic field’.

Current research in Salomon's lab is on interaction between molecules at light at the nano scale, and real time imaging  of electrodes surfaces as part of INREP group.

  

Education:

2002-2007       Ph.D. Weizmann Inst. of Science.  Advisor: Prof. David Cahen

             

1999-2001      M.Sc. Weizmann Inst. of Science.  Advisor: Prof. David Cahen

                

1996-1999      B.Sc.  Chemistry. Tel–Aviv University.

 

Research positions:

2010 - 2013     A joint Post-doc at the chemical physics department, Weizmann Institute, and Ecole Normale Superieure (ENS) de Cachan, Paris, France. Host: Prof. Yehiam Prior and Prof. Joseph Zyss.

2007-2009       Post-doc., Laboratorie des Nanostructures, ISIS, University Louis Pasteur (ULP). Host :Prof. Thomas W. Ebbesen

 

 

Awards

krill Prize (wolf foundation)               2018

  • 2010                Clore fellowship for postdoctoral studies.
  • 2008                Sara Lee Schupf  Awards
  • 2008                Chateaubriand fellowship
  • 2007                Rothschild   fellowship                                       
  • 2007                Recognition from the Israeli parliament
  • 2007                John F. Kennedy prize.
  • 2007                Schmitt prize for best PhD thesis.
  • 2006                Feinberg Grad. School Dean's list of excellence.
  • 2005                Israeli Vacuum Society, best student lecture award
  • 2004                Feinberg Grad. School Dean's list of excellence.
  • 2003                Clore Fellowship.
  • 1998                De-Shalit excellence scholarship.

 

Publications

  1. Brunstein, M.; Salomon, A.; Oheim, M. ACS Nano 2018, 12 (12), 11725–11730.
  2. Ron. R, Shavit, O. Aharon, H., Galanty, M. & Salomon, A.* Second Harmonic Generation from Disordered Silver Nanoporous Networks. arXiv:1805.00761v1
  3. Segal, E. Haleva, E. & Salomon, A.* Tunable Plasmonic Sensors Based on Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering: a Case Study of Sensing Ultra-low Concentrations of Alachlor. Second revision ACS applied nano materials.
  4. Galanty, M., Shavit, O., Aharon, H. Gachet, D. & Salomon, A.* Second Harmonic Generation Hot-Spot on a Centrosymmetric Smooth Silver Surface  light: Science and  application (2018)
  5. Ron, R. Haleva, E. & Salomon, A*. Nanoporous Metallic Networks: Fabrication, Optical Properties and Applications   Advanced materials (adma.201706755). (2018)  I.F 19.78 https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201706755
  6. Weissman, A.; Amir, D.; Elias, Y.; Pinkas, I.; Mathias, J.-L.; Benisvy, L.; Salomon, A.*Synthesis of Bio-inspired Photocatalytic Ruthenium Complexes; their Optical Properties and Solvatochromic Effect. ChemPhysChemdoi:10.1002/cphc.201701061, 19, 220-226   (2018)  I.F. 3.05 https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/cphc.201701061     
  7. Efremushkin, L., Bhunia, S. K., Jelinek, R. & Salomon, A*. Carbon Dots Plasmonics Coupling Enables Energy Transfer and Provides Unique Chemical Signatures. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (2017). doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.7b02778I.F. 9.35
  8. Efremushkin, L., Sukharev, M. & Salomon, A*. Molecular Plasmonics: Strong Coupling at the Low Molecular Density Limit. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 121, 14819–14825 (2017).I.F. 4.53
  9. Cohen, M. & Salomon, A*. Secondary Electron Cloaking with Broadband Plasmonic Resonant Absorbers. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 8, 3912–3916 (2017).I.F. 9.35
  10. Weissman, A.; Galanty, M.; Gachet, D.; Segal, E.; Shavit, O.; Salomon, A.* Spatial Confinement of Light onto a Flat Metallic Surface Using Hybridization between Two Cavities. Advanced Optical Materials 1700097–n/a (2017). doi:10.1002/adom.201700097IF:6.87
  11. Ron, R., Gachet, D., Rechav, K. & Salomon, A*. Direct Fabrication of 3D Metallic Networks and Their Performance. Advanced Materials 1604018--n/a (2016). doi:10.1002/adma.201604018I.F. 19.78
  12. Segal, E., Weissman, A., Gachet, D. & Salomon, A*. Hybridization between nanocavities for a polarimetric color sorter at the sub-micron scale. Nanoscale 15296-15302, (2016). doi:10.1039/C6NR03528K   I.F. 7.376 http://pubs.rsc.org/-/content/articlelanding/2016/nr/c6nr03528k/unauth#!divAbstract       
  13. Elfassy, E., Mastai, Y. & Salomon, A*. Cysteine sensing by plasmons of silver nanocubes. Journal of Solid State Chemistry 241, 110–114 (2016). I.F. 2.3 
  14. Baumberg, J.; Nielsen, M.; Bozhevolnyi, S.; Podolskiy, V.; Ebbesen, T.; Lin, K.; Kornyshev, A. A.; Khurgin, J.; Hutchison, J.; Matczyszyn, K.; George, J.; Cortes, E.; Hugall, J. T.; Salomon, A.; Dawson, P.; Martin, O.; Kotni, S.; de Abajo, F. J.; Flatte, M.; Moskovits, M.; Graham, D.; Maier, S.; Futamata, M.; Oh, S.-H.; Aizpurua, J.; Schultz, Z.; Sapienza, R.. Surface plasmon enhanced spectroscopies and time and space resolved methods: general discussion. Faraday Discuss 178, 253–279 (2015).I.F. 3.588
  15. Salomon, A.; Prior, Y.; Fedoruk, M.; Feldmann, J.; Kolkowski, R.; Zyss, J. Plasmonic Coupling between Metallic Nanocavities. J. Opt. 2014, 16 (11), 114012. I.F. 2.06 http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/2040-8978/16/11/114012/meta
  16. Sukharev, M., Seideman, T., Gordon, R. J., Salomon, A. & Prior, Y. Ultrafast Energy Transfer between Molecular Assemblies and Surface Plasmons in the Strong Coupling Regime. ACS Nano 8, 807–817 (2014). I.F. 13.92
  17. Salomon, A., Zielinski, M., Kolkowski, R., Zyss, J. & Prior, Y. Size and Shape Resonances in Second Harmonic Generation from Silver Nanocavities. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 117, 22377–22382 (2013). https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp403010q
  18. Salomon, A., Wang, S., Hutchison, J. A., Genet, C. & Ebbesen, T. W. Strong Light-Molecule Coupling on Plasmonic Arrays of Different Symmetry. ChemPhysChem 14, 1882–1886 (2013). https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/cphc.201200914
  19. Levine, I.; Yoffe, A.; Salomon, A.; Li, W.; Feldman, Y.; Vilan, A. Epitaxial Two Dimensional Aluminum Films on Silicon (111) by Ultra-Fast Thermal Deposition. J. Appl. Phys. 2012, 111 (12), 124320.
  20. Salomon, A., Gordon, R. J., Prior, Y., Seideman, T. & Sukharev, M. Strong Coupling between Molecular Excited States and Surface Plasmon Modes of a Slit Array in a Thin Metal Film. Phys Rev Lett 109, 73002 (2012).   https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.073002
  21. Vilan, A.; Yaffe, O.; Biller, A.; Salomon, A.; Kahn, A.; Cahen, D. Molecules on Si: Electronics with Chemistry. Adv. Mater. 2010, 22 (2), 140–159.
  22. Salomon, A., Genet, C. & Ebbesen, T. W. Molecule-light complex: Dynamics of hybrid molecule-surface plasmon states. Angewandte Chemie - International Edition 48, 8748–8751 (2009). https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/anie.200903191
  23. Salomon, a.*, Shpaisman, H., Seitz, O., Boecking, T. & Cahen, D. Temperature-Dependent Electronic Transport through Alkyl Chain Monolayers: Evidence for a Molecular Signature. Journal of Physical Chemistry C 112, 3969–3974 (2008). https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp710985b
  24. Böcking, T., Salomon, A., Cahen, D. & Gooding, J. J. Thiol-terminated monolayers on oxide-free Si: assembly of semiconductor-alkyl-S-metal junctions. Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids 23, 3236–41 (2007).               https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/la063034e
  25. Salomon, A.; Boecking, T.; Seitz, O.; Markus, T.; Amy, F.; Chan, C.; Zhao, W.; Cahen, D.; Kahn, A. What Is the Barrier for Tunneling through Alkyl Monolayers? Results from N- And P-Si-Alkyl/Hg Junctions. Adv. Mater. 2007, 19, 445–450. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/adma.200601729
  26. Seitz, O., Böcking, T., Salomon, A., Gooding, J. J. & Cahen, D. Importance of monolayer quality for interpreting current transport through organic molecules: alkyls on oxide-free Si. Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids 22, 6915–22 (2006).
  27. Amy, F. et al. Radiation damage to alkyl chain monolayers on semiconductor substrates investigated by electron spectroscopy. The journal of physical chemistry B 110, 21826–32 (2006).
  28. Segev, L. et al. Electronic structure of Si(111)-bound alkyl monolayers: Theory and experiment. Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 74, 1–6 (2006).
  29. Salomon, A., Böcking, T., Gooding, J. J. & Cahen, D. How important Is the interfacial chemical bond for electron transport through alkyl chain monolayers? Nano Letters 6, 2873–2876 (2006).  https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.266807
  30. Salomon, A.; Boecking, T.; Chan, C. K.; Amy, F.; Girshevitz, O.; Cahen, D.; Kahn, A. How Do Electronic Carriers Cross Si-Bound Alkyl Monolayers? Phys. Rev. Lett. 2005, 95 1–4.. https://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.95.266807
  31. Salomon, A., Arad-Yellin, R., Shanzer, A., Karton, A. & Cahen, D. Stable room-temperature molecular negative differential resistance based on molecule-electrode interface chemistry. Journal of the American Chemical Society 126, 11648–57 (2004). https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ja049584l
  32. Salomon, A.; Cahen, D.; Lindsay, S.; Tomfohr, J.; Engelkes, V. B.; Frisbie, C. D. Advanced Materials 2003, 15 (22), 1881–1890. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/adma.200306091 
  33. Salomon, A., Berkovich, D. & Cahen, D. Molecular modification of an ionic semiconductor-metal interface: ZnO/molecule/Au diodes. Applied Physics Letters 82, 1051–1053 (2003). https://aip.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.1543638
  34. Selzer, Y., Salomon, A., Ghabboun, J. & Cahen, D. Voltage-Driven Changes in Molecular Dipoles Yield Negative Differential Resistance at Room Temperature. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 41, 827–830 (2002). https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/1521-3773%2820020301%2941%3A5%3C827%3A%3AAID-ANIE827%3E3.0.CO%3B2-N
  35. Bonifazi, D., Salomon, A., Enger, O., Diederich, F. & Cahen, D. Tuning electronic properties of semiconductors by adsorption of [60]fullerene carboxylic acid derivatives. Advanced Materials (Weinheim, Germany) 14, 802–805 (2002).
  36. Selzer, Y., Salomon, A. & Cahen, D. The importance of chemical bonding to the contact for tunneling through alkyl chains. Journal of Physical Chemistry B 106, 10432–10439 (2002).
  37. Selzer, Y., Salomon, A. & Cahen, D. Effect of molecule-metal electronic coupling on through-bond hole tunneling across metal-organic monolayer-semiconductor junctions. Journal of the American Chemical Society 124, 2886–7 (2002).

Courses

מוליכים למחצה

 Semiconductors

סמסטר ב', תשע"ד, ראשון 10:00-12:00

מס'

השיעור

נושא

השיעור

קריאה

נדרשת

 הערות

1

Fermi level, Brillouin zone

 

 

2

Electrons and holes

 

 

3

Conduction and Valance bands

 

 

4

Doping, impurities and density of states

 

 

5

High/low band gap S.C. and quantum effects

 

 

6

Metal/S.C. interfaces

 

 

7

 The Schottky  equation

 

 

8

Controlling interfaces with chemistry

 

 

9

P/N junction

 

 

10

Towards applications: diodes, solar cells, LED

 

 

11

Towards applications: diodes, solar cells, LED

 

 

12

Towards applications:  semiconductors lasers

 

 

13

New directions – plasmonics and semiconductors

 

 

14

Student presentations

 

 

 

Research

Salomon lab combined unique expertise both in surface chemistry and in nanophotonics. We design and  synthesis hybrid materials which are based on adsorption of molecules on  metallic nano structures, aiming to new molecular systems with specific optical  properties. Using state of the art fabrication technique available at BINA nano center and wet chemistry, we fabricate metallic nano-structures (particles or holes). Such metallic nano structures act as antenna for the light energy and thus enhance and focus the light field at specific frequencies, much depending on the metallic geometrical parameters.  Molecules located in proximity to such surfaces are experienced a very strong field and thus their physical/photo-physical properties are altered.  We studied those unique properties by optical set-up’s available at Salomon’s lab where the idea is to achieve control on the photo-chemical processes of the studied molecular system. Long rang energy transfer processes between molecules, photochemistry on surfaces, energy conversion systems and non linear optical properties are examples for on-going researches at Salomon Lab.  Salomon Lab is also part of the INREP group, collaboration between several leading groups in the field of batteries for electrical cars.

 

 

Research topics: plasmonics,  molecules-surface plasmons interaction, molecular dynamics, strong coupling systems. Near field spectroscopy, Second  Harmonic Generation (SHG)

 

Projects:
  1. Fabrication of Metallic nanostructures

Development of unique technique for fabrication of metallic nanostructures

We fabricate and/or synthesis our own metallic nanostructures!

The sample quality is highly important and imperfections may degrade the performance.

We use state-of the art fabrication techniques such as Focus Ion Beam (FIB).

 

Figure 1:  examples of nano-structures milled in Ag, Au and Al using FIB.

 see also:

http://jap.aip.org/resource/1/japiau/v111/i12/p124320_s1

     2. Properties of metallic nanostructures

What happens when the metallic particles are smaller than the wavelength of light?

Much before scientists set down to study the unique properties metallic nano particles, they have been used by artists in color glass windows.

The colors we see are due to excitation of surface plasmons, which are coherent oscillations of the metal free electrons.  These frequencies, at which the electrons oscillate, depend on the metal type, the environment, its size and its shape.

Holes milled in thin metallic films, are complementary structures to nano particles.  They lead to the same phenomena of localized and enhanced of electromagnetic field and colorful metallic surfaces.

 

We study the unique linear and nonlinear properties of these metallic systems when they interact with light.

Applications: nano antennas, nanolasers, biosensors

 

3.  Long range dipole-dipole interaction between molecules

In the free space interaction between molecules occurs when they are in close proximity to each other (touching).

We will try to reach long range interaction between molecules by using surface plasmon modes as a mediator for the energy.

 

see also:

http://link.aps.org/doi/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.073002

4.  Organization of molecular systems and/or nanoparticles on surfaces.

  1. The project deals with organization of molecules, polymers, nano particles or clusters  on surfaces.
  2. The project deals with organization of metallic nano particles on surfaces using ligands to connect between the nanoparticles

Applications: medicine and biosensor

 

 

5. Batteries for electrical cars

As part of the INREP group, we are working on improving Batteries for electrical cars;

Our goal is to determine the changes in interfacial potential and surface charge densities of the Si anode in order to improve the no of cycles. We are currently built a unique optical set-up for characterization.

Patents

  • Micron-size plasmonic color sorter. A. Salomon, A. Weissman, E, Segal. PCT/IL2017/050756, (US 2018008029A1), (2016).                                                                      

  • Nanoporous metal-based film supported on aerogel substrate and methods for the preparation thereof. A. Salomon, R. Ron. Patent No. 62/208,846, (US20160331874A1), (2014).

Research Group

Lab Manager:

Racheli Ron

 

PhD Students:
 

 

Hanna Aharon

 
Mail: hannah.aharon@biu.ac.il
Fields of research:
 
 
Mail: 
Fields of research:
 
 
Elad Segal

Mail: elad.segal87@gmail.com
Fields of research:
 
Adam Weisman


Mail: Weissmanster@gmail.com
Fields of research:
 

M.Sc Students:
 

Racheli Ron
 

Mail: rachel.ron@biu.ac.il
Fields of research:
 
Eliana Lichtenstein
 
Mail: 
Fields of research: